Dominica (pronounced “Domin-EEK-ah”), not to be confused with the Dominican Republic, is known as the “Nature Isle of the Caribbean.” One of the youngest islands in the Lesser Antilles, Dominica is located between Guadeloupe and Martinique, southeast of Puerto Rico. Rosalie Bay Resort is nestled on the island's southeast coast at the foothills of the World Heritage-listed Morne Trois Pitons National Park. The boutique eco-resort sits on 22 verdant acres where the Atlantic Ocean meets the Rosalie River, just 45 minutes from the capital city of Roseau.
The island stretches 290 square miles, most of which is blanketed in thick vegetation. The majority of Dominica’s 70,000 residents live near Roseau. Dominica has long been known for its efforts to preserve its natural beauty and biodiversity. It was the first country to be Green Globe benchmarked and has been named one of the World’s 10 Best Ethical Destinations by Ethical Traveler in four of the past five years.
Stretched across more than 17,000 acres, this park has much to explore: from the massive Morne Trois Pitons volcano to hot springs, freshwater lakes, and the unusual Boiling Lake, shrouded in mist and steam. Bird watchers will also enjoy the wide range of species here. Red-necked parrots, broad-winged hawks, and bananaquits can be spotted flying among the distinctive gommier trees.
This tiny island is packed with natural wonders: nine active volcanoes, an abundance of wildlife, some 1,200 plant species, and 365 rivers that rush out to sea. Marine life can be observed year-round on Dominica, from the endangered sea turtles that nest and hatch from March to October to sperm whales that can be seen off the coast from November to March. Green turtles come to feed at the mouth of the Rosalie River throughout the year—and the lodge’s turtle lookout point provides a great spot to watch them. Some of the island’s many bird species include jaco parrots, tremblers, broad-winged hawks, bananaquits, smooth-billed anis, bullfinches, mangrove cuckoos, tropical mockingbirds, and rufous-throated solitaires.
Since the arrival of Dominica’s earliest inhabitants around 3100 B.C., the island has hosted a range of peoples including the Ortoroids, Arawaks, and finally, the Caribs. The 15th century brought European settlers who fought for and eventually gained control of the island from the Caribs. Today, there are still around 2,000 Caribs on the island, influencing a culture that also claims English, French, and African roots. Village names reflect a mix of languages, and the island’s renowned architecture showcases a variety of styles. Despite the blending of ethnic groups, Carib people maintain some ancestral traditions such as canoe building and culinary styles.
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